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Andy Hayter

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  1. Or the university professor who was upset by the lack of sharp attention during his early morning lecture. "The trouble with you lot is that you just fallout of bed and into the lecture theatre. You should be like me. I get up early. Go for a 5 mile run. Then I feel rosy all over." "Tell us more about Rosy!" from somewhere toward the back.
  2. For the passenger those are indeed important (and often forgotten or ignored) issues, but as Ron Ron Ron has clearly said it has no impact on operators and their cost benefit analyses.
  3. I did say near as damn it free - not free. When we compare with millions for the motive item and billions for the airport (there's your landing fees and a lot of other charges as well) and station or hundreds of billions for a high speed line, then airspace charges really are the spare change.
  4. Can I perhaps challenge you on the statement that it is fundamentally more expensive (to operate an airline)? It would take a lot of time (maybe even an MSc project) to do a full cost analysis but I have pulled out a few numbers that might begin to challenge that view. Cost of the means of transport: An A320 costs around $100m per aircraft A TGV type set costs around £25m per set. So far so good, trains are cheaper. But the flight from say London to Glasgow takes 90 minutes including taxiing holding before landing etc. If there were to be a high
  5. Nice to see pictures involving non-military transport of horses. Confirming what has been said already. They are worthy of the humble cattle wagon only.
  6. The Johnster In France at least 6/40 was 8/40 - smaller horses? Your view that horses would be available locally does not seem to fit well with the demands for horses in large cities where tens of thousands would be required each year, but the ability to rear that number of horses locally would be limited in the extreme. If as suggested before London had 55000 horses for cabs and they lasted in service for 5 years that implies 11000 new horse per year for just this one use. Gestation for a horse is just over 11 months and most horses produce a single foal, so that impl
  7. Remember, even a small kerb between the tail lift and the layout could create problems. Sorry it sounds as if I am just trying to find problems.
  8. Will the layout ever have to go up/down stairs? Will the layout need to be lifted into/out of a vehicle? My immediate reaction is that you are creating a good solution for moving the layout on the easy bits but adding weight for the more difficult bits of moving the layout. Most moveable layouts have the boards boxed in pairs and if you want you just sit the pair of boards on a small dolly to push it along.
  9. I wonder whether "horses" refers to the number of beasts or to the number of horse boxes. As already discussed many horses would be shipped in cattle wagons. I still cannot believe that for example the London cab industry could be self sustaining in horses or any way close. So importation of horses would be needed. That is one city and one industry.
  10. Having flown Paris CDG to Lyon and Marseille (as connecting flights) I can say that the frequent flights were packed with business travellers who were not connecting. One issue can be that the TGVs were equally busy and often the first class was booked out.
  11. I rather suspect that there was a lot more horse transport than we are perhaps imagining. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_horse_in_Britain says that around 1900 there were 3.5million horses in the UK of which 1million were working horses. whereas government statistics show only around 7million cattle at the same time. Sorry I cannot give a link but a search for sn03339.pdf and follow the link for Agriculture: Historical Statistics will get you there. So for every 2 cows there was a horse. That's a lot of horses and we can be
  12. I am a little unsure about the relevance of your comment about lake pigments being a suspension. AFAIK virtually all paint and lake systems involved suspending the pigment in a medium, so the comment applies to every single sample of paint or colouring used. I do however agree with your conclusions. One point not mentioned is whether the size of the pigment particles had an impact on the shade produced. I rather suspect it did but can offer no proof.
  13. Apologies Phil. I assumed it was a typo - never assume, it makes and ASS out of U and ME
  14. Appleby is the obvious example and is still going in this century. Originated probably in 1685. Wellingborough also has one I believe. Today they are the festival for travellers but horses would have been traded just like other animals in the 19th century with traders buying and shipping horses from markets and fairs to large cities and towns, where the local farmer would not have enough beast to satisfy demand.
  15. I too would have concerns. It has always seemed to me that it would be the devil's own business to handle a derailment or even uncoupling in the storage sidings. The problems of helixes also seems to be an issue. Despite all of that, the concept is very common in continental Europe and it seems many modellers make it work. Why H0 should work when 00 supposedly does not remains a mystery. In the past perhaps better traction systems may have been the reason (motors powered to all drive wheels or both bogies for example) but today I would have thought such differences had largely
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