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Andy Hayter

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  1. Delivery charges (postage) should be included in the "value" of an item for assessing VAT.
  2. Oh dear. Any railway modeller could have told them that you don't put the light items of stock at the front of the train. Perhaps they should have put some lead into the underframe!
  3. Gaps in the WTT. Once upon a time in France large sections of the country had no train movements during the middle of the day. This could of course have been due to lunch, but in fact the 4 hour or so gap was used by maintenance teams to do small but essential track or trackside jobs. Given that much of early operations was obtained from the UK, I wonder whether that was also a UK practice.
  4. Limited of course to County Durham. The Easington I lived in was not there but was subject to mining - ironstone. We reckoned that being next to the church would be good juju - after all a miner would not want his relatives graves to drop into the workings!
  5. Indeed. Luckily we can still get Blue Stilton (there is a white one as well so we should be precise in CA) here despite Brex(sh)it. I hope it continues. I fear it may not. Cheddar and mature red Leicester - called old Rutland for some reason - are also still available to us British neighbours whose status has developed from Europeans to just foreigners. There are many superb French cheeses - mild and mature - but these three English cheeses cannot be matched - any more than some UK cheese could imitate Comte, Roquefort or a good Brie.
  6. I will hold my hand up to drinking Port - usually a good bottle brought from Xmas and drunk with cheese. Also from time to time a glass of chilled white Port drunk as an apperative.
  7. I think there was a degree of over simplification in your post Nearholmer Long before Marx was born, and increasingly during his lifetime as the factory system bought un-tied wage-labourers together in large numbers, .......... Rather ignores those many employers who paid their employees in company tokens rather than hard cash. Tokens could only be exchanged for goods in the company shops. Therefore employees remained perhaps more tied than they had been when working the land, where at least they often had the chance to cultivate a few square feet of ground for their own use.
  8. I note from Edwardian's and Compound's photos of sheeted wagons that there seem to be two styles of tying down. One seems to involve the ropes (as an ex-sailor dinghy 1st class, I would have called the ropes sheets but I suspect that could cause mayhem) being tied down to the fixing loops on the underframe. The other has ropes (probably additional) tied over the top of the tarpaulin. Does anyone know if there were specific rules for which method was used?
  9. Dimitri Mendeleev (of periodic table fame) said much the same of oil being pulled out of the Caucuses - too valuable resource of many chemicals to be simply burnt. Mind you, that was the mid 1800s and I think he would have had no idea how big the resource would be.
  10. I take it that you do realise that this EU establishment consisted of politicians from those social parties of the constituent members. Roy Jenkins, Neil Kinnock, Catherine Ashton and Peter Mandelson were among the UK representatives. They do not change their political leanings on being elected into the EU establishment. Often referred to as the unelected mandarins of the EU, people frequently don't realise that these people were the civil service of the EU* and while they might suggest policy the decisions always remained with the elected heads of the individual countries. * I know of no country that elects its civil servants.
  11. An interesting perspective from the other side Alistair. AS one who has lived under the complete tyranny of the EU and its constituents for 25 years, my perspective is rather different. Politics and political parties in the main within Europe are far more socialist than in the UK. There are exceptions of course often bolstered by British Brexit (and probably bankrolled by the same scallywags) AfD in Germany, FN in France being 2 examples. Parties such as the CDU in Germany ( a right of centre German party currently in power but quite likely to lose it to a left wing party at the next election) are rather to the left of Labour in most of its policies over the time I have been on the continent. Many of the perceived interferences from Brussels in the UK were in fact the British Governments' intransigence to do things they were always allowed to do under EU rules. As examples: Immigration - the UK always had the ability to eject (permanently if necessary) EU immigrants who were or became a burden on society. That it failed to eject people ( whether criminals, those demanding social security payments or whatever) suggests that those people were in fact needed and contributing positively to the UK economy - something that maybe is now coming to light with shortages of care workers, HGV drivers, fruit and vegetable pickers, abattoir workers etc.. Blue passports - they were always possible but never introduced until they became a symbol of "freedom from the EU". There was never a mandated standard for EU passports in terms of the colour of the cover. Sovereignty - accepting Edwardian's comments about the impact of any treaty (and the UK is now rushing around the rest of the world getting new treaties), the UK never lost sovereignty - witness that it was able to leave the EU. This was largely smoke and mirrors created to support the exit. Witness also the number of derogations the UK had regarding other supposed imposed EU standards. But I guess we will just have to disagree on this point.
  12. It is worth remembering that with the British fleet stationed at Scarpa Flow there will have been a massive traffic from all over the UK to supply said fleet. This I suspect will have created a disproportionate mix of company vehicles which could well have perpetuated beyond the end of hostilities in 1919.
  13. Might I be so bold as to suggest that coal from the North East would have been imported from perhaps the end of the 16th century. With a distinct lack of trees in West Norfolk, coal or maybe coke would have been a major fuel source. The coal traffic from Wolfringham Staithe would therefore have been a major target for any proposed rail line in the area. This suggests to me that this would be one of the earliest if not the first line to be proposed.
  14. Unlike Wagonman's comment I will say possibly. It depends on what industries you have in the area. China Clay - aka Kaolin is used for: Porcelain - seems unlikely Rubber (used as a filler and strengthener) - even more unlikely Fine paper (used to provide a smooth finish) - possible. Fine paper producers to His Majesty. Medication (used to calm bacterial infections of the gut) - The Farthing Kaolin and Morphine works. Providers of medicines to the British Army and used around the world.
  15. They can try. They will fail. If you make it a condition of entry you can legitimately refuse entry to anyone who fails to conform. This is no different to Restaurants that insist on jacket and tie or clubs that say "no trainers" or indeed the HoP where the Speaker is refusing elected members to wear Chinos.
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