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Andy Hayter

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  • Location
    France
  • Interests
    Pre grouping UK
    PLM
    SNCF
    Secondaires

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  1. In the event of no conflict, I wonder what might have happened regarding the development of electric traction, where the engineers instead of devoting energy to war effort might have devoted their time elsewhere. It is of course a double edged sword. The LBSCR or NER (and others) might well have further developed their electric network, but at the same time the tram companies could equally have optimised their offering in competition for at least the local/commuter traffic.
  2. Don't get too hung up by eastglosmog's post. It is based on NCB data as of 1974 and is only in part relevant to pre-grouping. The Yorkshire coking coal levels were in the deeper seems and therefore to a point the later ones to be developed - many post WW1. In comparison Lancashire coking coal was closer to the surface and developed at an earlier time.
  3. I think the mistake with this view is that it takes its position from what happened in the second world war, whereas all indications of intent in WW1 was that Germany would have been more than happy with a rerun of the Franco-Prussian war of 1870/71 - where the UK did remain neutral. This resulted in the siege of Paris and the ultimate surrender and humiliation of the French. Once all settlements had been agreed, the Germans were more than happy to withdraw with Alsace Lorraine as a new German Republic and firmly in their fold. What would have appeased the Germans in a rewritten WW1? Possibly a buffer between France and the kingdom of Alsace Lorraine. Possibly further ceding of territory from France to Germany, but certainly not full-scale encompassing of France into the German Empire.
  4. * LYR and LNWR and NER and HBR Possibly but it is important to remember that the LYR and LNWR had already had a proposed merger blocked by parliament in 1871. 50 years on, would the mentality that avoided the creation of large regional monopolies have continued? Although the GWR had de facto already created one such monopoly, without a major incident like WW1 showing the real weakness of the multitude of small to largish companies would the 1871 mindset have continued? One major impact that we must not forget is that the development of the internal combustion engine would have been slower and the sell off of cheap war surplus vehicles would not have occurred. Competition from road traffic would therefore have been delayed. The railways would then had a continued advantage for a number of years.
  5. https://www.amf87.fr/prestashop/tampons/148-4-tampons-en-bronze-pour-voitures-ciwl-4000000003670.html
  6. As a semi-non-scientific answer, 18% cadmium looks very high. I am sure it will work, indeed cadmium is often praised for improving flowability. It is however very toxic. Lead is quite nasty but cadmium is to be avoided if possible. At 320 degrees C it is likely to convert to volatile cadmium oxide. A lot higher than 145 degrees except that your iron is likely to be running at 300 C plus. If you don't have temperature control you could easily exceed the 320 degree point. Breathing in cadmium fumes seems to be universally regarded as about the worst way of getting cadmium poisoning. So in the absence of the Carrs and similar products compositions which are designed specifically for our use, I would be wary.
  7. Since no one else has bothered to do any home work, and since I and dolium gave some pretty good clues, I have looked at the coal quality from the Lancashire coal fields - having previously done the same for the South Yorkshire for a different question. Lancashire coal was gassy ( prone to giving off volatile and potentially explosive gases). It was ideal for coke production much of which was carried out in pre-grouping times in local gas works, where the volatile gases were collected and sold as town gas and the coke sold on to industries that demanded it. Yorkshire coal was as previously stated often classed as steam coal - ideal for steam raising in power stations (not that common pre-WW1) or in industrial boilers for powering mills and locomotives. So there you have it. Yorkshire coal to Lancashire to power the cotton mills and Lancashire coal to Yorkshire to feed to town gas works.
  8. brilliant - sadly not suitable for smaller scales but brilliant nevertheless.
  9. It is also important to remember that not all coal is the same. Coal comes in many grades - for example coking coal, household coal, steam coal, anthracite etc.. It could well be that Yorkshire coal (a lot of which was steam coal) was more appropriate for Lancashire's industrial needs than the local products.
  10. I don't think so Dave. Rubbing alcohol is as the name implies an alcohol, although I believe you can get various types so it may be based on ethyl (drinking) alcohol, or iso-propyl alcohol. MEK is a ketone not an alcohol and methylene dichloride is also something totally different.
  11. I used ply sleepers for the one and only layout I built using scratch built track. The one advantage that I found was that I had used a Van Dyke brown stain to colour the sleepers. When the ballast was laid and treated as always with the diluted PVA, the colour leached out of the sleepers. The way this seemed to work was that the leaching was strongest at the middle of the track and at the sleeper ends. This gave a very realistic grading of colour from the rail outwards along the sleepers. In the end, wood does look like wood but plastic does not always look like wood if the colouring is not sympathetic.
  12. I always thought that the whole point about genuine limited editions (as opposed to normal releases that stock out quickly) is that they should sell out quickly. Otherwise it is just like the [email protected] peddled by companies like Danbury Mint and others.
  13. Equally following the discussions, some who might have bought an LSWR van will not now do so because the colour is viewed as being wrong. But you are right the LMS would automatically have more appeal.
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