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Image restoration from pre-May 2021 continues and may take an indefinite period of time.

billbedford

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Everything posted by billbedford

  1. Coaches built of mahogany were almost always painted, at least after c1889, teak built coaches were varnished.
  2. To turn this around. How could a practice, like this, become almost universal without legislation of some kind? And those railways that are known to have red brake vans were not necessarily the most brilliantly profitable companies.
  3. When people describe loco liveries, how many include the red buffer beam?
  4. Except, there was a similar practice of painting the buffer beams of locos vermillion. This was almost universal until the end of steam. The only exceptions I know of are LNWR tenders and streamlined locos. The latter seems to me to suggest there was some sort of legalise along the lines of 'a flat plate at the leading end of the locomotive' .
  5. Can someone explain the arrangement of vac cylinders on GER dual fitted coaches, please? I'm working on a 54' coach, but I would think a 50' underframe would be much the same.
  6. Quite right, both ends should have been red. The intention of the rule was to show the loco crew if and where the train contain brake vans. The rule was introduced before barakes on locos were universal.
  7. Vermillion was the colour specified by the BoT. It was the same colour that was applied to loco buffer beams, though there seems to be no record of when that rule was first applied.
  8. The orthochromatic films of the time rendered all reddish colours as black, even the Doncaster officials show teak coaches as a uniform dark colour. So unless the main colour of the carriage was green or blue the red ends would be indistinquable from the sides in any photograph. I've looked through the photos in Vol 2 of Midland wagons and believe that the Kirtley vans M276 and M43 have red ends as does standard van M115. I would also say that the livery of van M1047 also included red ends, an examination of the buffer faces suggest that this van has been whitewashed for photographic purposes.
  9. One other point, red ends on all brake vans were mandatory from mid 19th century. The rules were relaxed on passenger vehicles after continuous brakes were introduced, with each company deciding when to make the change. The rules for goods brakes seen to have been changed around the turn of the 29th century, but the SR persisted with red ends until nationalisation.
  10. Would this have been a battery fire?
  11. Please sirs, I have a question... I've been working on some new buffers for my wagon kits and realised that as some point in the late 19th just about all the railway companies extended the buffer guides on both wagons and coaches by about an inch and a half. Existing vehicles had a wooden pad inserted between the guide and the headstock while new builds were given langer guides. Can anyone explain the circumstances that lead to this occurrence and, maybe an aproximate date?
  12. Actually it was Beaumont-Firth-Brown accoring to the patent. Mr Beaumont being a manager the Firth-Brown's works in Sheffield.
  13. The GCR 8K 2-8-0s (RODs) and derivatives had 21" x 26" cylinders.
  14. Given that the refiners need heavy Russian or Venezuelan oil to make diesel, the change over may come a lot quicker than that.
  15. It was probably an open carriage truck, especially if the photo was from after the introduction of continuous brakes. The train may well have been a theatrical special.
  16. The blue cast on grey paint comes from the titanium dioxide use in modern white paints, eg "brilliant white". It can be avoided by using a cream colour to let down black to produce the correct grey tone.
  17. It looks like the normal unloading of these wagons was by bottom doors, since the FR wagon in the background has no side doors. Also I suspect the load is iron ore rather than coal. Ore is denser than coal so the hoppering would reduce the volume the wagon could carry while still being able to be loaded to its normal weight.
  18. You need to download one the pdf lists. It's easier for me to deal with orders from these lists if you open an account on the website.
  19. That cupboard door wagon looks like a Caly d.46. There's a drawing of it in Mike Williams' book.
  20. Yer,yer, But we still need coal to make the steel and concrete gives off CO2 as it hardens.
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